Popular imagination—from insurance commercials to sitcoms—would have us believe our recent ancestors were brutish and simple. Nothing could be further from the truth. Archaeological and biological evidence of Neanderthals and other early humans demonstrate they were sophisticated, cosmopolitan peoples who mastered local environments, crafted complex tools, and expressed themselves through various art forms. This workshop begins with a brief overview of human evolution, including new evidence regarding our genus, Homo. It then moves to early humans, sometimes referred to as archaic humans, and the diverse group of our ancestors who lived during the past 500,000 years. 3D models and animations representing fossils, tools, and sites will help participants understand the true complexity of our ancestors.