This course will cover the medical illnesses of every U.S. president and how their illnesses impacted our history. Particular emphasis will be placed on the case histories of FDR, Wilson, and Lincoln. We will also discuss medical illness trends among the presidents (i.e., those with cancer, heart disease, and the average age of death, etc.), the 25th Amendment and presidential succession, and the physicians who indirectly influenced world events. Presidents and their medical illnesses are just the tips of the proverbial iceberg–there are also cover-ups and secret illnesses. Join us for the facts and some trivia.