As many as 10,000 “factually innocent” individuals may be wrongfully convicted of serious offenses and incarcerated in the U.S. every year. In this course, we will explore this disturbing issue and address its various causes. They include mistaken identifications, coerced confessions, flawed forensics, false jailhouse snitch testimony, poor legal representation, police misconduct, and the prosecution’s failure to provide exculpatory evidence to the defense. Possible remedies to reduce such miscarriages of justice will also be covered, along with some of the post-exoneration experiences of those released from prison after being determined to be innocent. We will use the book “When Justice Fails: Causes and Consequences of Wrongful Convictions,” (2018) by Robert Norris, Catherine Bonventre, and James Acker; available from online vendors.